Foot drop is the common term to describe the difficulty a patient may experience in lifting and bringing the hind foot forward during the toe-off phase of gait. As a result, the distal phalanges end up dragging or scraping the ground as the motion occurs. This has been linked with muscle weakness in ankle dorsiflexors and other contributing muscles: tibialis anterior, fibularis tertius, extensor digitorum longus and extensor hallucis longus. Patients experiencing this drag usually develop a habit of lifting their thigh into a more flexed position than normal to compensate.
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